Anne was the second daughter of James,
duke of York (King James II, 1685-88), and Anne Hyde. In 1683
Anne was married to Prince George of Denmark (1653-1708). She
acquiesced to the Act of Settlement of 1701, which designated
as her successors the Hanoverian descendants of King James I of
England, and became queen upon William's death in March 1702.
In her first message to Parliament,
Anne repeated William?s invitation to consider the union of the
kingdoms of England and Scotland. After much negotiation, in 1707
the Act of Union brought England and Scotland together. Both English
and Scottish Parliaments were dissolved and a new united Parliament
Until their dismissal in 1710, the political
scene was dominated by Marlborough and the Lord Treasurer Godolphin.
However, in 1711, as a result of a Tory ministry?s disagreement
with the Whig majority in the House of Lords over the future peace
settlement in Europe, Anne was persuaded to create peers for party
purposes. Her last act was to secure the Protestant succession
by placing the Lord Treasurer's staff in the hands of a capable
moderate, Charles Talbot, Duke of Shrewsbury, who presided over
the peaceful accession of the Hanoverian prince George Louis (King
Anne died in 1714 leaving no direct
heir to the throne.